97 years ago, the First Democratic Republic was established in the East.
The establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) was proclaimed on May 28, 1918 in Tbilisi by the National Council of Azerbaijan, headed by Mahammad Amin Rasulzadeh in the building of the Caucasian viceregent.
The Declaration of independence of the National Council of Azerbaijan says: “Since today, as the Azerbaijani people have power, Azerbaijan covering the South-East Caucasus is a full-fledged independent state;
The form of government of the independent Azerbaijan is the People’s Republic;
The People’s Republic of Azerbaijan is determined to establish friendly relations with all nations, especially;
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic of provides political rights and civil rights to all citizens living within its borders regardless of nationality, sect, class, gender and sex;
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic provides ample opportunities for the free development of all nations living within its territory;
The National Council and the Temporary Government elected by the people will govern the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
As Rasulzade was holding negotiations on Azerbaijan’s independence with the Ottoman Empire in Batumi, deputy chairman of Azerbaijan National Council Hasan bey Agayev chaired the meeting, where the Declaration of Independence was announced. Mustafa Mahmudov was secretary at the meeting. Fatali Khan Khoyski, Khalil bey Khasmammadov, Nasib bey Yusifbeyli, Mirhidayet Seyidov, Heybetgulu Mammadbeyov, Nariman bey Narimanbeyli (not Bolshevik Nariman Narimanov – editor), Mehdi bey Hajinski, Alasgar bey Mahmudbeyov, Aslan bey Gardashov, Sultanmajid Ganizade, Akbar aga Sheikhulislamov, Mehdi bey Hajibabbabeyov, Mammad Yusif Jafarov, Khudadat bey Melik-Aslanov, Rahim bey Vekilov, Hamid bey Shahtakhtinski, Firudin bey Kocharli, Jemo bey Hajinski, Shefi bey Rustambayov, Khosrov Pasha bey Sultanov, Jefer Akhundov, Mahammad Maharramov, Javad Melik-Yeganov and Haji Molla Salim Akhundzade attended the meeting.
The first temporary government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic under the leadership of Fatali Khan Khoyski was confirmed at that meeting of Azerbaijan National Council. The composition of the first government was as follows:
Fatali Khan Khoyski – chairman of the Council of Ministers and Interior Minister
Khosrov Pasha bey Sultanov – Defense Minister
Mammadhasan Hajinski – Foreign Ministers
Nasib bey Yusifbeyli – Minister of Finance and Enlightenment
Khalil bey Khasmammadov – Justice Minister
Mammad Yusif Jafarov – Minister of Trade and Industry
Akbar aga Sheikhulislamov – Minister of Agriculture and Labor
Khudadat bey Melik-Aslanov – Minister of Roads and Post-Telegraph
Jamo bey Hajinski – State inspector
Azerbaijani government was temporarily based in Gandja, as Baku was under Bolshevik-Dashnak control headed by Stepan Shaumyan. On September 15, 1918 after the heavy battles Azerbaijani National Army and Caucasian Islamic Army led by Nuru Pasha liberated Baku from Bolshevik, dashnak and English military units and independent Azerbaijani Government moved to Baku.
Azerbaijani Parliament was solemnly inaugurated in Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev’s school for girls (now the building of Manuscripts Institute named after Fuzuli) at 13.00 on December 7, 1918. Chairman of Azerbaijan National Council Rasulzadeh made a congratulatory speech.
Alimardan bey Topchubashov was elected chairman of the parliament, Hasan bey Agayev first deputy chairman of the parliament. Topchubashov was attending the Paris Peace Conference and therefore Hasan bey Agayev chaired the parliament. At the first meeting of the parliament Fatali Khan Khoyski’s government resigned and decision was made to form a new government. Fatali Khan Khoyski led the government again.
During the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the parliament held 155 meetings. 10 meetings were held by the Azerbaijan National Council (May 27-November 19, 1918) and 145 – by the parliament of Azerbaijan (December 7, 1918 – April 27, 1920).
More than 270 draft laws were discussed by the parliament and 230 of them were adopted. Members of the parliament represented in 11 factions and groups participated in the elaboration, discussion and approval of the legislation. 11 commissions were working at the parliament.
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic reached great achievements in the short period of its history. It was the first republic given voting right to the women and securing the equality between men and women. A great work has been done in the spheres of national army building, issuing national currency, establishing national bank, democratization, free elections, international relations and recognition of the independence of Azerbaijan by the international community, securing the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, conducting economic reforms and other fields. Unfortunately 23-month Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was overthrown by the Bolsheviks on April 28, 1920.
The independence of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was officially recognized first by the Ottoman Empire on June 4, 1918.
Now, the founding day of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic is celebrated as the National Holiday of Azerbaijan- the Republic Day and is non-working day in the country.
By order of President Ilham Aliyev, the monument was erected in honor of ADR in the center of Baku.
At the same time, by the Order of the Head of State, the anniversaries of founders of ADR Mamed Emin Rasulzade, Alimardanbey Topchubashov, and Fatali Khan Khoysky memorialized and marked at the state level.
President of Azerbaijan holds an annual reception dedicated to the Republic Day.
Under the Presidential order, the year 2018 was declared the “Year of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic” in the country.
According to the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, today is celebrated as a national holiday. Happy holiday!
Today, Azerbaijan is making a great history. The First European Games are underway in Baku.
Baku-2015 European games to be held on June 12-28, 2015 are very interesting and innovative competitions to be held for the first time in many sports for the continent. Baku-2015 European games are held in 20 sports in general: 16 of them are Olympic sports and 4 are non-Olympic. About 6000 sportsmen from different countries of Europe will represent their countries during 17 Days of competition. The opening of the first European Games will take place at the Baku Olympic Stadium at 19:30 local time this evening. The opening ceremony will be attended by heads of state and government of several countries.
Twelve sports will allow qualifying for the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games. These sports include archery, athletics, boxing, cycling, judo, shooting, swimming, table tennis, taekwondo, triathlon, wrestling and volleyball.
In December 2012, the European Olympic Committee (EOC) entrusted Azerbaijan to hold the First European games.
President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, his wife, Chairperson of the Organizing Committee of the First European Games Mehriban Aliyeva, family members and President of the European Olympic Committee, Patrick Hickey attended the ceremony.
The torch was brought to Baku on June 7, traveling to up to 60 districts throughout the country, and it was held in various parts of Baku until June 12. In general, the torch has traveled about 5500 km in the territory of Azerbaijan.
It should be noted that the gold, silver and bronze medals of the 1st European Games feature unique drawings made in accordance with the decorative brand “Baku-2015”. The design with the logo “Baku-2015” in its center is a metaphor of the dynamic, amazing and rich culture of the host city. The opposite side of the medal reflects the emblem and text symbol of the European Olympic Committee.
The design of the medals belongs to the famous jewelry brand “Adamas” and Azerbaijani artist Nargiz Huseynova, who also prepared the medals of the 2014 Soci Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games.
As the Azerbaijan Center for the Human Capital Development – the INDEX, we, in turn, support the holding of these games in our native land and are proud of Azerbaijan.